Meta-synthesis of qualitative research on the barriers and facilitators to implementing workplace mental health interventions

Meta-synthesis of qualitative research on the barriers and facilitators to implementing workplace mental health interventions

Purpose: There has been a rapid increase in the number of mental health interventions implemented in the
workplace. The efficacy of these interventions has been mixed. The factors influencing implementation may offer
insights to why some interventions fail to be effective.
Method: We conducted a meta-synthesis of qualitative research on the barriers and facilitators to implementing
workplace mental health interventions. We evaluated the quality of evidence using CASP and CERQual and
synthesized our data using thematic analysis.
Results: 33 studies were included in the review. A broad range of interventions were reflected in the studies, a
majority of which were implemented at the individual level and in health care settings. Facilitators included
positive disclosure by line managers, completion of intervention in work time, scheduling flexibility and trainer
credibility. Barriers included managers not prioritising interventions, lack of suitable training of facilitators,
competing priorities, workload issues and staff shortages. No findings were judged to be very well supported (i.e.,
high confidence).
Conclusion: Evidence surrounding the implementation of mental health interventions in the workplace is weak,
and studies are limited to high income countries, with a bias towards healthcare and public sector settings. We call
for a taxonomy of implementation issues specifically for workplace mental health to advance knowledge and
practice

Meta-synthesis of qualitative research on the barriers and facilitators to implementing workplace mental health interventions

Date Published
Mon, 26th Dec 2022
Publisher
SSM-Mental Health
Author
Yarker Joanna; Lewis Rachel; Sinclair Alice; Michlig Georgia; Munir Fehmidah;
Reference
Yarker Joanna, Lewis Rachel, Sinclair Alice, Michlig Georgia, Munir Fehmidah; (2022)-Meta-synthesis of qualitative research on the barriers and facilitators to implementing workplace mental health interventions: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssmmh.2022.100148
Website
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2666560322000883
Categories
Keywords
Systematic review, Meta-synthesis, Mental health, Intervention, Implementation, Workplace

Purpose: There has been a rapid increase in the number of mental health interventions implemented in the
workplace. The efficacy of these interventions has been mixed. The factors influencing implementation may offer
insights to why some interventions fail to be effective.
Method: We conducted a meta-synthesis of qualitative research on the barriers and facilitators to implementing
workplace mental health interventions. We evaluated the quality of evidence using CASP and CERQual and
synthesized our data using thematic analysis.
Results: 33 studies were included in the review. A broad range of interventions were reflected in the studies, a
majority of which were implemented at the individual level and in health care settings. Facilitators included
positive disclosure by line managers, completion of intervention in work time, scheduling flexibility and trainer
credibility. Barriers included managers not prioritising interventions, lack of suitable training of facilitators,
competing priorities, workload issues and staff shortages. No findings were judged to be very well supported (i.e.,
high confidence).
Conclusion: Evidence surrounding the implementation of mental health interventions in the workplace is weak,
and studies are limited to high income countries, with a bias towards healthcare and public sector settings. We call
for a taxonomy of implementation issues specifically for workplace mental health to advance knowledge and
practice

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